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Basic Terms Every Roofer Should Know

Understanding basic roofing terms is essential for roofers to communicate effectively and perform their jobs efficiently. Familiarity with these terms allows roofers to accurately assess, repair, and install roofing systems. Some fundamental roofing terms every roofer should know include:

Shingles: Individual overlapping roofing components typically made from asphalt, wood, metal, or other materials.

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Flashing: Thin strips of metal or other materials installed around roof penetrations, such as vents, chimneys, and skylights, to prevent water infiltration.
Underlayment: A protective layer is installed beneath roofing materials to provide additional waterproofing and weatherproofing.
Ridge: The highest point of a roof where two sloping sides meet.
Eaves: The lower edge of the roof that overhangs the exterior walls of a building.
Valley: The internal angle formed by the intersection of two sloping roof surfaces.
Pitch: The steepness or slope of a roof, typically expressed as a ratio or angle.
Decking: The structural base of the roof, usually made from plywood or oriented strand board (OSB).
Ventilation: The process of allowing air to circulate within the attic or roof space to prevent moisture buildup and maintain temperature control.
Drip edge: A metal flashing is installed along the edges of the roof to direct water away from the fascia and prevent water damage.

By mastering these basic roofing terms, roofers can effectively communicate with clients, suppliers, and other professionals in the roofing industry, ensuring successful roofing projects.

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