Water is one of, if not the, most important resources on the planet. Aside from fresh water from lakes and streams, well water is one of the most common ways people obtain clean, potable drinking water. In fact, about a quarter of all U.S. rainfall becomes groundwater, which in turn is extracted via means like wells for people to use. On average, Americans use approximately 79.6 billion gallons of groundwater every day.
Whether you’re dealing with residential well drilling or hiring a well drilling company for a commercial project there are a few basic things you should know about the industry. Here are a few basic facts on well drilling.
- Shallow Wells: The first thing to know about wells is the definition of a shallow well. Most experts agree that a shallow well is one that is 50 feet deep or shallower.
- Water Table Wells: There are two main types of well drilling. The first is for water table wells. These wells penetrate aquifers located beneath the earth’s surface in which the water is not confined by an overlying impermeable layer. Because of how they operate these wells are particular susceptible to environmental elements like lack of rainfall.
- Artesian Wells: Artesian are the other main type of wells that people typically dig. These wells penetrate into groundwater and keep it between the aquifer. Because of their design these wells can build up pressure that results in higher water levels.
- Poor Characteristics: Some characteristics of a poorly constructed well include: it’s located close to a potential pollution source (100 feet minimum), there’s no pump house to protect equipment like the well-head and storage tank, and not having a sanitary well seal.
- Proper Characteristics: Quality well digging is important to ensure the integrity the of the well for many years to come. Some characteristics of good well digging includes not being close to potential pollution sources, quality well head protection, and a pitiless adapter in lieu of a well pit.
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